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May 15, 2009

5

St Augustine on Darwin’s ‘Origin of the Species’? Read on…

by quaesitor

Botticelli - St AugustineAlister McGrath is at his best (IMHO) when engaging with debates of science and religion. After all, he’s a scholar of both. And he’s got a really helpful and timely piece in this month’s CT on Augustine’s Origin of the Species. Augustine was of course one of the greatest thinkers in Christian history. Full stop. And he was an African. Which endears him to me even more. And in these days of militant scientific materialism and neo-Darwinist thinking, it is refreshing at least to find that someone from the ancient past who as something to contribute to contemporary debates.

Obviously, Augustine won’t help anyone engage with the specifics of  Charles Darwin’s arguments per se but as McGrath says in his conclusion, he does open up the possibility of a freedom within the interpretative bounds of handling Genesis well.

So does Augustine’s The Literal Meaning of Genesis help us engage with the great questions raised by Darwin? Let’s be clear that Augustine does not answer these questions for us. But he does help us see that the real issue here is not the authority of the Bible, but its right interpretation. In addition, he offers us a classic way of thinking about the Creation that might illuminate some contemporary debates.

On this issue, Augustine is neither liberal nor accommodationist, but deeply biblical, both in substance and intention. While his approach hardly represents the last word, it needs to be on the table.

We need patient, generous, and gracious reflection on these big issues. Augustine of Hippo can help us get started.

What is important is the possibility Augustine gives us in how to handle Genesis 1-2 in particular, without either being enslaved to the scientific worldviews of the day, or ignoring them as inevitably irrelevant. Too many interpreters fall into one or other of these 2 traps. And in McGrath’s words, Augustine was simply concerned ‘to let Scripture speak for itself’. Can’t say fairer than that.

Image: Botticelli’s wonderful take on St Augustine

5 Comments Post a comment
  1. Jeremy
    May 15 2009

    Thanks for posting this Mark, this is a helpful article. The early chapters of Genesis do seem to be in a poetic form, but I have always struggled with the idea that Genesis can suddenly switch from a pictoral or allegorical text, into a historical text. If that is true, where is the line drawn? Genesis 2, Genesis 3, Genesis 11? However the rest of scripture clearly demands we see God as creator and author, Job, Psalms for example. Jesus and Paul talk about a literal Adam, and 2 Peter 3 talks about the destruction of the World in Noah’s flood. So those facts are attested too outside the “poetic” portions of Scripture we must surely struggle hard before we reject those.

    McGrath’s article on Darwin is helpful in showing that interpretation need not conflict with authority, but if Jesus and the apostles refer back to early genesis accounts as history, we should be careful not to interpret Genesis in isolation to itself.

    Reply
  2. May 15 2009

    This is truly an excellent article. Thanks!

    Reply
  3. Emma
    May 15 2009

    Hi this is the bit that was quoted from in the recent BBC programme and made the point equally well that it is the interpretion which is key. Thanks for spotting this one.

    Reply
  4. DaviGoss
    May 17 2009

    silly me – I thought ‘CT’ stood for Church Times

    Reply
  5. andybeingachristian
    May 20 2009

    Good article – thanks. As a History teacher, I constantly face the assumption among students that people in the past were somehow inherently stupid by comparison to us. Augustine is a great antidote to that – a ‘brain on legs’ as one blogger recently phrased it. I enjoy reading him immensely.
    http://andybeingachristian.wordpress.com

    Reply

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